1Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering University student Shira
2Department of Communications and Electronics, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
3Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of Shiraz University
In this manuscript a compact high speed optical Mach-Zehnder modulator with very low energy consumption based on hybrid plasmonic waveguide is presented. Compared to dielectric waveguide-based structures, large propagation constant of optical modes in hybrid plasmonic waveguides reduces the propagation length required for attaining necessary phase shift for proper operation of Mach-Zehnder interferometer. On the other hand, strong light confinement in hybrid plasmonic waveguide facilitates realization of relatively short bends (with small bend radius) and compact Y-junctions which in turn reduces the overall footprint of modulator. Our simulations show theoretical modulation speed of more than 1 THz and very low energy consumption about 17 fJ/bit. In addition, the modulation depths as high as 25 dB are achievable by applying voltages between + 3 V and -3 V, in a push-pull configuration. Apart from electrodes, the overall footprint is about ~120 mm2 which is, based on our knowledge, very smaller than that of common Mach-Zehnder modulators.